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Native Plant List

These are a few of the more common native varieties useful in Naturescaping.

If you have trouble locating any of these, check out our list of Resources.

Species

Max. height

Comments

Grand fir, Abies grandis

100-200 ft

Part sun. Seeds eaten by birds and small mammals.

Western hemlock, Tsuga heterophylla

125-200 ft

Moist soil. Food, nesting, and cover for birds and mammals.

Noble fir, Abies procera

90-200 ft

Seeds eaten by birds and small mammals.

Douglas fir, Pseudotsuga menzies

75-200 ft

Seeds eaten by birds and small mammals.

Western red cedar, Thuja plicata

100-175 ft

Moist soil. Prefers part sun. Food, nesting, and cover for birds and mammals

Red alder, Alna rubra

40-100 ft

Moist soil. Fixes nitrogen in soil. Food for birds and small mammals.

Big-leaf maple, Acer macrophyllum

30-95 ft

Moist soil. Used by songbirds and small mammals. Flowers attract bees.

Pacific madrone, Arbutus menziesii

up to 90 ft

Dry sites. Fairly shade tolerant. Flowers attract butterflies, hummingbirds, and bees.

Oregon white oak, Quercus garryana

30-70 ft

Flowers attract hummingbirds. Nuts eaten by birds and small mammals.

Pacific yew, Taxus brevifolia

50-60 ft

Difficult to grow. Birds eat the red fruits.

Oregon ash, Fraxinus latifolia

40-60 ft

Sun. Wet soil. Seeds eaten by songbirds and small mammals.

Bitter cherry, Prunus emarginata

up to 50 ft

Moist soil. Used by songbirds and mammals.

Pacific dogwood, Cornus nuttallii

30-50 ft

Shade tolerant understory tree. Dry sites. Used by songbirds.

Cascara, Rhamnus purshiana

20 -35 ft

Shade tolerant. Fruit eaten by birds, rodents, and raccoons.

Vine maple, Acer circinatum

5-35 ft

Shade tolerant. Moist soil. Flowers attract butterflies and bees. Seeds, buds, flowers eaten by birds and small mammals. Birds use leaves and seed stalks in nests.

Black hawthorn, Crataegus douglasii

20-30 ft

Moist soil. Sun. Flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Fruit eaten by birds, squirrels, and other small rodents.

Pacific crabapple, Pyrus fusca

20-30 ft

Moist soil. Part sun. Food, cover, and nesting sites.

Blue elderberry, Sambucas caerulea

to 20 ft

Sun to shade. Drier soil than red elderberry. Flowers attract hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees. Fall and winter food for birds and small mammals.

Red elderberry, Sambucas racemosa

8-20 ft

Sun to shade. Moist soil. Good soil binder. Provides food and cover. Flowers attract butterflies, hummingbirds, and bees. Fruit eaten by birds and small mammals.

Indian plum, Oemleria cerasiformis

5-20 ft

Part shade. Moist to dry soils. Flowers attract butterflies, hummingbirds, and bees. Fruit eaten by birds and mammals.

Serviceberry, Amelanchier alnifolia

4-15 ft

Full to part sun. Moist soil. Used by birds and small mammals.

Beaked hazelnut, Corylus cornuta californica

5-12 ft

Sun to part shade. Moist soil. Nuts for squirrels and chipmunks.

 



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